Carmo Square (Largo do Carmo)
This picturesque Lisbon square, a popular place to relax and enjoy a drink, is surrounded by historical monuments and baroque houses. Aside from the Carmo Convent ruins, the square is also home to the free Guarda Nacional Republicana (GNR) Museum; the famous Santa Justa Elevator (Elevador de Santa Justa), aka the Carmo Elevator (Elevador Carmo), with stunning views of the city; and the terraces of Carmo, which have become a coveted spot to sip a cocktail during sunset.
Most walking tours of Lisbon pass through Carmo Square and discuss the city’s tumultuous history. You can choose a small-group or private tour for an intimate experience and a more in-depth look at the historical monuments of Carmo Square and Lisbon. Tasting tours in the area take in the city sights while revealing more about Portuguese gastronomy.
Things to Know Before You Go
Carmo Square is a must for those interested in Portuguese history as well as spontaneous travelers who want to enjoy a drink at a local spot.
Relax on one of the many park benches that line the square, or snack on light refreshments at one of the many kiosks.
Those with limited mobility can take the Santa Justa Elevator to Carmo Square rather than navigate the massive hills that lead up to it.
How to Get There
Carmo Square is located in the Chiado neighborhood of Lisbon and can be easily reached by the Santa Justa Elevator. Alternatively, brave the steep hill from Rossio Square or the Baixa-Chiado metro station to reach the square.
When to Get There
The square is always teeming. The jacaranda trees that surround the square are in full bloom during spring and summer, making this a favored spot for both tourists and locals at that time. Lisbon is the most crowded between June and September; it is best to visit during the shoulder seasons, when the weather is pleasant and there are fewer tourists.
The Carnation Revolution
Carmo Square is home to one of the most significant events in recent Portuguese history: the Carnation Revolution. On April 25, 1974, Prime Minister Marcello Caetano, who had been in power for 48 years, took refuge in the GNR headquarters while the Armed Forces led a revolution to topple the dictator. This was the day on which a democratic regime was established in Portugal—an event celebrated every year on April 25, a national holiday.
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- Rossio Square (Praça de Dom Pedro IV)
- Miradouro Sao Pedro de Alcantara
- Praça da Figueira
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