Built by the citizens of Krakow in 1823, the verdant Kościuszko Mound (Kopiec Kościuszki) is as revered as it is beautiful. One of four mounds in Krakow, it sits on top of Blessed Bronislawa Hill in honor of Polish national hero Tadeusz Kościuszko. The hollow mound is modeled after the city’s prehistoric Krak and Wanda burial grounds and made from soil brought from towns all over Poland. Inside, are urns with soil from the battlefields where Kościuszko fought. Visitors can follow a serpentine path to the top of the hill, where they will find a granite boulder inscribed with Tadeusz Kosciuszko’s name and spectacular views of the city and neighboring Tatra Mountains.
Next to the mound is a museum that displays artifacts relating to Kościuszko, who fought in the American War of Independence and later inspired an uprising against foreign rule in Poland. Visitors may also be interested in the neo-Gothic Chapel of St. Bronislawa, which contains several objects related to Kosciuszko, as well as the surrounding fortifications which include additional historical exhibitions.
The Kościuszko Mound is located in Krakow's Zwierzyniec District, and is open daily from 9:30am to dusk. To reach the site, take tram 1, 2, or 6 to the Salwator stop and catch bus 100 to the top. If you’d rather walk, it is about one mile (1.6 km) uphill from the tram stop. A taxi from Krakow’s Old Town costs about 30 PLN. A ticket to the Mound includes all of the adjacent attractions and exhibitions.